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Read the latest articles published about developments in energy transition.

The production of renewable hydrogen, electrification, or the use of renewable fuels (advanced biofuels and synthetic fuels), are some of the key solutions to advance in the decarbonisation of transport. One of the most important energy and environmental challenges facing us today is how to efficiently modernise the mobility sector …

General information 20 Sep 2022

Although speaking about fossil fuels and low-emission energy generation may at first seem contradictory, resources such as natural gas can be excellent partners on the road to decarbonisation. Modernising our energy system from top to bottom and effectively reducing greenhouse gas emissions from its production, distribution and consumption is an …

General information 09 Aug 2022

On May 18, 2022, the European Commission launched the REPowerEU plan, detailing the actions to be taken to end dependence on Russian fossil fuels while also tackling the climate crisis. To analyze this plan and the impacts of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on the EU’s energy system and relations, …

Tecnical article 03 Aug 2022

Repsol chairman, Antonio Brufau, and SERNAUTO chairman, Francisco J. Riberas, discussed the current climate and future scenarios in terms of sustainable mobility. This dialog was moderated by journalist Beatriz Pérez-Aranda, where the two industry representatives insisted on the importance of collaboration between public and private institutions to maintain the Spanish …

Opinion article 03 Aug 2022

On 29 March 2022, the Corell Foundation presented the results of the Diagnosis of the professional road transport sector in Spain, find out what were the main conclusions of the conference: Professional passenger and freight mobility in Spain today is a leading, competitive sector, with European leadership and committed to …

Tecnical article 03 Aug 2022

Content available exclusively in Spanish

Tecnical article 03 Aug 2022

Content available exclusively in Spanish

Tecnical article 15 Jul 2022

On May 18, 2022, the European Commission launched the REPowerEU plan, detailing the actions to be taken to end dependence on Russian fossil fuels while also tackling the climate crisis. We share the conclusions of the webinar of June 1, 2022: Energy Security in the EU: Responding to the effects …

Tecnical article 12 Jul 2022

In recent months, the global automotive industry has gone through a period of crisis: from pandemic-induced production stoppages and an accelerated shift to virtual sales to supply chain disruption. In addition, multiple megatrends are impacting the industry - how can suppliers adapt to this rapidly changing market? You can access …

Report 12 Jul 2022

Content available exclusively in Spanish

Tecnical article 12 Jul 2022

Critical minerals for the energy transition: a broad and strategic vision is needed, at a political and social level, compatible with nature conservation, linked to the circular economy and the social responsibility of developed countries. Main conclusions of the event Critical minerals for energy transition Minerals are essential components of …

Tecnical article 12 Jul 2022

An alternative for the decarbonisation of transport is the use of this type of fuels made from water and CO2 that can be used in any type of vehicle and represent a significant step towards the energy transition. Renewing our consumption habits in relation to mobility is more necessary than …

General information 12 Jul 2022

As of today, the current European regulatory framework on Energy Communities establishes, on the one hand, the definition of Citizen Energy Communities, through the EU Directive 2019 / 944, on common rules for the internal market in electricity and on the other hand, establishes the definition of Renewable Energy Communities, …

Tecnical article 26 May 2022

Energy communities are presented as an alternative for citizens to participate in the energy transition. They are generally projects based on Renewable Energies that promote consumer empowerment. In the download button you can access the presentation that Ander made at the event "Comunidades energéticas, la apuesta por el autoconsumo" (available …

Tecnical article 26 May 2022

Electric vehicles, hydrogen vehicles, and those that consume biofuels or synfuels with a low or zero carbon footprint have been presented as the main technological/energy bets to decarbonise the mobility of people in passenger cars. However, what is the real impact of these new alternatives on the carbon footprint of …

Tecnical article 22 Mar 2022

In recent years, alternative fuels have begun to be prioritised over fossil fuels. In the automotive sector, the transition to these new energy sources is a revolution that can contribute to the decarbonisation of the sector. But what is the real benefit that these new energy sources can offer in …

Tecnical article 22 Mar 2022

The circular economy provides sustainable solutions for the demand of raw material and energy, encourages the reuse of waste, and creates new forms of consumption. Why are we talking about the circular economy? Since the Industrial Revolution, the predominant economic model has been linear, which means goods are produced from …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Power generation using renewable energy is the principal strategy for the energy transition, but it does entail challenges like intermittent supply and storage difficulties. What is renewable energy? Renewable energy sources are sources of energy that are naturally replenished and, therefore, inexhaustible. Among the renewable energy sources are solar energy, …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Carbon capture, use, and storage (CCUS) consists of technological processes for reducing the CO2 in the atmosphere and reusing it as a raw material. What is carbon capture, use, and storage? Carbon capture, use, and storage (CCUS) encompass all technological processes that seek to reduce the CO2 in the atmosphere …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Energy efficiency is considered the first strategy for a global sustainable energy system and key in achieving a short-term energy transition. What is energy efficiency? Differences between energy efficiency, consumption, and energy savings Energy efficiency and savings have a common purpose: to reduce energy consumption. However, their strategies for achieving …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Renewable hydrogen is an important energy vector that contributes to decarbonization and is an alternative to storing renewable energy. What is hydrogen and what is it used for? Hydrogen is an important energy source used as raw material for the production of petrochemical, steel, glass, and fertiliser products. Each year …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Innovation and technological development are critical to continue making progress in an energy transition that drives us toward decarbonisation of the economy. We must continue making progress toward decarbonisation of the energy system so that it is neutral in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while at the same time ensuring supply …

General information 08 Mar 2022

To address the challenge of using the energy transition as a means to decarbonize the economy, we must rely on low-carbon technologies. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere are increasing primarily due to human action and our consumption of fossil fuels. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), energy …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouse gases associated with a product or service. By knowing it, we can offset those emissions with actions. What is the carbon footprint? The carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouse gases that, directly or indirectly, are emitted into the atmosphere as a …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Distributed generation brings energy production closer to consumers, providing many advantages, for example, energy communities. What is distributed generation? Traditionally, electricity in Spain and in the world is generated by large centralised power plants located far from consumption centres and is subsequently transported over high- and medium-voltage lines spanning distances …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The energy transition proposes a new role for the consumer so that they feel an active part of the change, contributing to the fight against climate change. One of the main challenges faced by the energy sector is that of giving consumers a new role so that they feel an …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The energy transition involves changes in the energy model and in the way we consume and move, which affect and impact society. The energy transition contributes significantly to the fight against climate change, since it is associated with the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutant gases. Additionally, it …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The primary technologies for use in the decarbonization of transportation for the energy transition focus on electrification, the development of carbon-neutral liquid fuels, the development of green hydrogen fuel cells, and the use of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to replace other fossil fuels. The transition towards decarbonised mobility requires specific …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Sustainable mobility is one of the great challenges of today's world. An efficient and affordable transport system is key for the energy transition. Sustainable mobility and climate change: main challenges Sustainable mobility and transport are among the most significant challenges in our society today. An efficient and affordable transport system …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The financing of the energy transition requires sustainable investment mechanisms and plans that foster public and private participation. How can the actions required for the energy transition be implemented? Reaching a climate-neutral carbon economy by 2050 will not be possible without a continued effort in terms of investment and financing, …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Decarbonisation of the economy requires regulation that establishes the rules for a fair and sustainable energy transition. The role of regulation in energy transition Decarbonising the economy is essential. We need a structural change in the energy model and a transformation in the way we produce and consume. This challenge …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Carbon markets contribute to the energy transition by limiting and controlling greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere. What are carbon markets? Carbon markets are one of many actions to slow down climate change. They limit and control the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted into …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Decarbonising industry is essential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change. Relevance of the industrial sector in energy transition In order to face the challenges of climate change, the global economy must address a rapid process of transformation and decarbonisation in the coming decades that will affect …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Climate summits have the purpose of monitoring commitments and agreements made by countries to mitigate climate change. Climate change is one of the most significant challenges humanity faces today. It's a global problem that must be tackled urgently. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere are warming the Earth's temperature …

General information 08 Mar 2022

The energy transition is key to addressing the challenges of climate change and effectively reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. What does the energy transition consist of? Each country, city or region is supplied with energy through its energy model. This energy mix is the combination of different primary energy sources—carbon, …

General information 08 Mar 2022

Electrification with renewables and distributed energy generation are two key strategies to face the challenges of the energy transition. Electricity and economic and social development Electricity is one of the vectors that supply the energy society and the economy need to function. It is not the only one, though, as …

General information 03 Mar 2022

Throughout 2021, the so-called green hydrogen has attracted much attention as a powerful tool for moving towards a decarbonised economy. Currently, green hydrogen tends to be identified with hydrogen produced by electrolysis from renewable energies, mainly wind and photovoltaic. However, there exists alternative procedures to electrolysis capable of generating CO2-neutral …

Tecnical article 04 Jan 2022

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Tecnical article 16 Dec 2021

COP26 refers to the United Nations Climate Change Conference that took place in Glasgow from the 31st of October to the 13th of November 2021. Every year, this event brings together the signatory states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to keep track of the progress …

Report 01 Dec 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Tecnical article 30 Nov 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 29 Oct 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 28 Oct 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 14 Oct 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 16 Sep 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 16 Sep 2021

When an electric vehicle (EV) battery reaches the end of its useful life, it loses any "green" qualities it once had. If it ends up in a landfill, its cells can release toxic substances. And recycling it is more difficult than you would think. In this context, scientists have offered …

Opinion article 31 Jul 2021

The 2015 Paris Agreement set the objective of limiting the global average temperature rise to "well below" 2°C and ideally at 1.5°C by the end of this century. However, if we continue as we have until now, it's possible that by this date, climate change will have caused an increase …

Opinion article 10 Jul 2021

We know that the development and deployment of the necessary technologies and infrastructures for a low-carbon future requires the intensive use of minerals. In this quest it is possible that, in the coming decades, industrialised countries will successfully lay the foundations for a circular economy of the chemical elements and …

Opinion article 22 Jun 2021

Five years ago, the United Nations Paris Agreement established a global warming cap "well below" 2°C, and ideally 1.5°C, with respect to pre-industrial levels. World leaders also agreed to balance greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the second half of the century so that the sum of all GHGs emitted by …

Opinion article 21 May 2021

When we think of technologies for fighting climate change, images of solar panels and wind turbines immediately spring to mind. And we are not mistaken. Renewable energies are becoming cheaper and cheaper and many countries have decided to depend more on them and less on fossil fuels to meet their …

Opinion article 10 May 2021

The Long Term Decarbonisation Strategy 2050, EDLP (in its Spanish initials) (MITECO, 2020a), states that the decarbonisation of the transport sector will come hand in hand with the intensification of energy efficiency measures, together with the substitution of fossil fuels by other products with low or zero net carbon emissions. …

Tecnical article 10 May 2021

Faced with the threat of climate change, many governments are committed to electrifying the energy system and decarbonising their countries' electricity supply. This trend is sparking a high demand for low-carbon emissions electricity sources and energy storage technologies which, in turn, has increased the demand for certain minerals which are …

Opinion article 16 Apr 2021

Content available exclusively in spanish.

Report 01 Apr 2021

On 12th December 2021, the Paris Agreement signatory countries met (this time virtually) to review the milestones achieved in the first five years of existence of the agreement and evaluate new commitments to further reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are warming the planet. The agreement has undoubtedly served to …

Opinion article 26 Jan 2021

As a consequence of the economic impact of the Covid-19 crisis, the already slow pace of global improvement in energy efficiency (the ability to do the same, or more, using less energy) will slow further this year, increasing the difficulties in meeting international energy and climate targets. Specifically, a report …

Opinion article 31 Dec 2020

Hydrogen, a versatile energy carrier, can be produced through three main technological routes, which are often identified through a colour code: (1) direct generation from fossil fuels such as natural gas and coal (‘grey’ hydrogen); (2) fossil fuel-based generation with the addition of carbon capture technology to mitigate the resulting …

Report 01 Dec 2020

We hear a lot about energy transition. But almost always with excessively specific or very partial approaches. It is therefore worth reflecting on the meaning of the concept in its broadest sense. There is now a broad scientific consensus that since the industrial revolution, and particularly since the mid-20th century, …

Opinion article 23 Nov 2020

The necessary decarbonisation of the economy seeks to stop global warming to allow human sustainable development and is normally perceived as a source of challenges for the economic sectors. The Energy Transition Education and Research Program that the Repsol Foundation has recently promoted at the Comillas Pontifical University aims to …

Tecnical article 04 Nov 2020

Direct Air Capture (DAC) is a technological process that separates CO2 emissions directly from the air. The source of the captured CO2 makes DAC distinct from Carbon Capture, Use and Storage (CCUS) technologies that trap CO2 emissions directly at the point of emissions (from flue gases). DAC involves using large-scale …

Report 01 Oct 2020
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