Tecnical article

Decarbonisation of road transport - are we all talking about the same thing?

10 may 2021
Javier Pérez Rodríguez Professor of the Department of Chemical Industrial and Environmental Engineering. Member of the Environmental Technologies and Industrial Resources Group Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM)

The Long Term Decarbonisation Strategy 2050, EDLP (in its Spanish initials) (MITECO, 2020a), states that the decarbonisation of the transport sector will come hand in hand with the intensification of energy efficiency measures, together with the substitution of fossil fuels by other products with low or zero net carbon emissions. In 2030, as a result of the measures foreseen in the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan, PNIEC (in its Spanish initials) (MITECO, 2020b), such as changing mobility models and increasing electrification, a 28% share of renewable energy in transport and a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 30% between 2021 and 2030 are expected to be achieved. On the road to climate neutrality in this sector from 2030, and to reach a level of GHG emissions of only 2 MtCO2eq in 2050 (MITECO, 2020a), compared to the 90 MtCO2eq emitted in 2018 (MITECO, 2020c), progress must be made in energy efficiency measures, electrification of the sector, promotion of liquid fuels and renewable gases, digitalisation, and integrated urban planning.


Sustainable mobility, Challenges posed by climate change and energy transition Decarbonization