Open Room

A space to keep abreast of the latest news and developments in climate change and energy transition

Towards a sustainable future

Discover the main challenges of the energy transition and see how they are being faced.

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The role of natural gas in the energy transition

Although speaking about fossil fuels and low-emission energy generation may at first seem contradictory, resources such as natural gas can be excellent partners on the road to decarbonisation.

Renewable fuels for more sustainable mobility
An alternative for the decarbonisation of transport is the use of this type of fuels made from water and CO2 that can be used in any type of vehicle and represent a significant step towards the energy transition.Renewing our consumption habits in relation to mobility is more necessary than ever when it comes to finding effective and lasting solutions against the effects of climate change. In particular, in sectors such as transport -whether by land, sea or air- which, due to their characteristics, are highly dependent on traditional fuels and have a very high level of carbon emissions to the atmosphere.  Among the alternatives for addressing the challenge of moving towards the decarbonisation of the sector, one of the most interesting options is the so-called "renewable fuels." A generation of non-oil-derived fuels that, by using the latest technological advances in their production processes, make it possible to reduce the carbon footprint in this type of activity effectively. Synthetic fuels or eFuels, together with biofuels and renewable hydrogen, are the main examples of this kind of sustainable solutions for mobility, which are already a reality.
Challenges of climate change and energy transition
The energy transition is key to addressing the challenges of climate change and effectively reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.   What does the energy transition consist of? Each country, city or region is supplied with energy through its energy model. This energy mix is the combination of different primary energy sources—carbon, oil, natural gas, nuclear energy, biomass, water, solar energy and wind energy—which are used to supply the different energy needs of the population: industry, households and transport, among others.  Each energy model must guarantee universal access to energy sustainably and competitively; i.e., it must be accessible to everyone, whenever they need it, with the lowest environmental impact and a fair price.  In turn, it must be capable of meeting the growing energy demand to guarantee economic development and growth in the coming years.  Each country or region has a different energy model, and several variables influence its design: proprietary energy resources (autochthonous), security of supply, energy generation capacity and environmental impact, among others. Considering these variables, each region must promote the most sustainable energy generation in economic, social and environmental terms. At present, all energies play an important role in economic growth and the quality of people's lives, but it is necessary to change the model towards a low-carbon economy that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions to address climate change.   The energy transition is the change in the energy model that will lead us to the generation of low-carbon energy generation (decarbonisation), promoting primary energy sources with minimal generation of greenhouse gases. This requires reducing energy generation from fossil fuels and promoting other, more sustainable energy sources. According to their needs and resources, countries are undergoing their energy transition process, including new energy sources or improving the efficiency of the current ones. This evolution towards a new energy model must involve the lowest possible cost for society, ensuring that energy continues to be affordable for everyone and preserving the economy's competitiveness. 
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Glossary of terms
All the terms you need to know to understand the world of energy and the energy transition, made easy for you.
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